TRIBAL TRANSFORMATION: THE COMPLEXITIES OF GUJARS AND BAKARWALS DEVELOPMENT IN JAMMU &Amp; KASHMIR

Published by: Priya Sharma , Ritu Gupta

Pages: 1-9 |

Development, a multifaceted concept, encompasses diverse dimensions of human activity, including socio-economic, political, and technical perspectives. Sociologists and social anthropologists contend that socio-cultural factors play a pivotal role in driving growth and change within societies. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) adopts a holistic approach to measuring human
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DYNAMICS OF THE 2012 NIGERIAN STREET PROTEST: IDEOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS AND OBJECTIVES

Published by: Chioma Nwankwo , Carmen Martinez Lopez

Pages: 10-22 |

In his New Year broadcast to the nation in January 2012, Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan announced a significant policy change regarding the pump price of petrol, the most commonly used petroleum product in the country. This announcement included a drastic increase in the pump price, exceeding 100%, as a result of the complete withdrawal of subsidies on the product. The government
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GENDER DISPARITIES IN CONSTRUCTION: INSIGHTS FROM VIJAYAWADA, INDIA

Published by: Vikram Singh Rathore , Meera Patel

Pages: 23-38 |

The construction industry, typically overseen by general contractors specializing in residential or commercial building projects, operates within a cost structure predominantly influenced by raw material and subcontracting expenses. Raw materials, constituting a significant portion of total costs ranging from 30% to 50%, and subcontracting costs, comprising approximately 20% to 40%, shape the
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